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The Hitopadesha is an ancient Indian text written by Narayana. It roughly translates to โ€œbeneficial adviceโ€.

Likely written between 800 and 950 CE. The last surviving text is from roughly the 12th century.

Jay Shetty writes the name as Hitopadeล›a, however Wikipedia writes the name as Hitopadesha.

In the Hitopadesha, the mind is compared to a drunken monkey thatโ€™s been bitten by a scorpion and haunted by a ghost. (see: Monkey Brain)